Pandanus occur naturally along the east coast of Australia and around the coast line of Townsville there are some beautiful specimens. Pandanus can add that ornamental tropical, rainforest coastal look to your garden. Each tree has its unique shape and will bring a focal point to your lanscape design. Not only do they have beautiful foliage they can provide shade and above all are low maintenance and are very hardy. The pandanus also provides important habitat for many smaller nectar eating (i.e yellow bellied sunbird).
It is important to note that North Queensland has quite a few species of Pandanus and most are hard to distinguish one from the other. Some believe this is due to the fact that many species have reproduced apomictically resulting in seedling variations. Below is a selection that you can find at Woodys.
This has spiraling growth habit. It has a short stem hidden by a clump of upright, arching, one-inch wide ribbon-like leaves. It has a showy golden stripe down the leaf center with a smooth edge. Full sun or bright shade.
Pandanus Heterocarpus (1)
Tall narrow upright growing tree to 6m. When planted in a sheltered position where it has room to grow it will develop branches a form a dense compact dome. The branches droop downwards often concealing the trunk. Looks good when planted as a tight clump. When planted on exposed sites it has a stunted habit, the branches are few and they become short and thick and the leaves are also short and erect.
Pandanus Conicus (2)
Small tree to 4m with a slender trunk but well branched and with aerial roots. Dense heads of many narrow green leaves which gives a weeping appearance.
Pandanus Gemmifer (3)
It grows to 4m tall with aerial roots from the trunk. It has very long narrow arching green leaves up to 2m with drooping tips. Tolerates full sun to part shade. the fruit is deep red when ripe and drop to the ground.
Pandanus Utilus (6)
Much branched slim stemmed open upright growing tree to 6m. has numerous tight upright rosettes of green leaves. Juvenile plants have a red edge to the leaves. Has a striking silhouette
Pandanus Dubius- Edible (7)
Short stocky shrub to 3m. The glossy broad leaves can reach up to 2m. Some aerial roots and is often grown as a single large rosette. Prefers shade to semi shade. Also grows well in tubs..
Pandanus Tectorius var yorkensis (9)(Nrth QLD)
Screw Pine Pandanus. Upright growing well branched tree to 7m with many heads of silver grey broad leaves. Aerial roots towards the base of trunk
Pandanus Amaryllifolius (10)- Edible
It grows between 1m -1.5m tall. When older it produces aerial roots and stilt roots to support itself from falling. Leaves are slender, lush-green and smooth-edged. It can be grown as a marginal plant in dams and ponds, used as a bedding plant in tropical landscaping and be used to hold creek banks. Fragrant young leaves are cooked as a vegetable or used as a condiment. Fresh or dried leaves can be added to doughs, curries, syrups, sauces, coconut rice, and sweets. The leaves are used to wrap food such as rice dumplings for steaming.